Abstract: Fibre-reinforced polymer composites have become indispensable in the aerospace (Boeing Dreamliner, Airbus A350) and wind energy (blades, nacelles) business sectors. A combination of mechanical (static and fatigue strength) and physical (lightweight, corrosion resistance) properties with manufacturing advances (part reduction, automation) have driven the expansion of composites in these sectors. The penetration of polymer composites into the automotive sector has not been as rapid, despite recent high-profile composite-intensive platforms such as the BMW i-series. New composite materials research at Edinburgh is focusing on some of the major barriers to composites adoption in automotive, i.e. rapid composite processing via in-situ polymerised systems, recyclability, welding and joining, increased toughness. Research is also focused on improved material properties, and reduced cycle times for manufacturing of large, thick-section structures for wind turbine blades and the composite blades for the emerging tidal energy sector.